Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was a Hindu pro-independence activist, lawyer, politician, poet, writer and playwright. He was born on 28th May, 1883 in a Marathi Chitpavan Brahmin family of Nasik, Maharashtra. He is also known as Veer Savarkar. He earned the nickname “Veer” at the age of 12, when he fought against Muslim attacks and inspired fellow boys to fight-on until the last Muslim was driven off. His parents died early and after the death of his parents the responsibility of the family was on the shoulders of his elder brother Ganesh, who supported Vinayak for his deeds. He inscribed the term “Hindutva” to create a collective “Hindu” identity as an essence of India.
While he was pursuing his higher studies, he got more interested in India’s freedom from British colony. He constituted Abhinav Bharat Society in Pune. He promoted the use of Indian products. He inspired his peers for the desire of independence. He was the first independence activist and politician who burnt the tramontane clothes. Savarkar was sentenced for 50 years of imprisonment. He wrote a memoir of his prison years titled “My Transportation for Life”. He also faced the allegations of involvement in conspiracy of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination, but later on he was released from the jail and acquitted from the allegations. On 8th November 1963 Savarkar’s wife died, he relinquished medicine, food and water and called it ‘atmaarpan’. He wrote an article before his death named “Atmahatya nahi Atmaarpan”, which stated that when one’s mission of life is over and the ability to serve the society left no more, then it is better to end the life rather than waiting for the death. And at the age of 83, he died.