Subhash Chandra Bose
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897 at Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province to Padmavati and Janakinath Bose who was an advocate. He did his studies from Protestian European School which was run by the Baptist Mission up to 1909 and then shifted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School. The day Subhash was admitted to this school, Beni Madhab Das, the headmaster, understood how brilliant and scintillating this genius was. After securing the second position in the matriculation examination in 1913, he got admitted to the Presidency College where he studied briefly. He was having that level of nationalistic temperament that he was once expelled from his college for assailing professor Oaten for his anti-India comments. Then later he joined Scottish Church College and completed his BA in philosophy. He left for England promising his father that he would appear for Indian Civil Services.
As per his promise he came fourth and cleared his ICS examination and got selected. But he didn’t want to serve the alien government. He resigned from the services and wrote to his elder brother, “Only on the soil of sacrifice can we raise our national edifice”. He wrote a book on the country’s independence movements named “The Indian Struggle”. Even though it was published in London the colonial government banned the book, due to the fear that it will result in discomposure. He became the leader of the younger radical, wing of Indian National Congress. Later on he had conflicts with Gandhi and Congress High Command, so he was ousted. Indian National Army was the brainchild of a Japanese major, which was disbanded later because Mohan Singh, one of the principal members had disagreements, having a view that INA was just being used as a pawn or a propaganda tool by Japanese High Command. After that Mohan Singh was taken into custody and the troops were sent back to the war camp. After the arrival of Subhash Chandra Bose, Indian National Army got revived as Azad Hind Fauj. Rash Behari Bose, one of the founding members, handed over the command and control to Subhash Chandra Bose. Even after having the military reverses he maintained to support the Azad Hind movements. Once in a rally in Burma, he said, “Give me your blood, and I shall give you freedom” (tum mujhe khoon do, mein tumhe azaadi dunga)”. He gave the “Jai Hind” slogan. He used to get himself broadcasted on radio channel at night from Germany, at the time of his escape. On 6th July, 1944, a speech was broadcasted where he, for the first time called Gandhi as the “Father of The Nation”. He had a mysterious death and is believed to have died in a Japanese plane crash. By that time he had become a well-known figure of Indian Independence movements and a great ideal for people who wanted to be freed from the British colony and wanted India to be an independent nation. He still is a paragon to people of India.