Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was an Indian politician, barrister and academician. He was born on 6th July, 1901 in Bengali Kulin Brahmin family. His father was Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee a judge of Calcutta (Kolkata) High Court. Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was the Creator of West Bengal as the assured province for the Bengali Hindus in Bharat. He did his M.A. in 1923 and completed his B.L. in 1924. He enrolled himself as an advocate in Calcutta High Court in 1924 after his father’s death. He started his political career in 1929. Mukherjee joined the Hindu Mahasabha in Bengal in 1939. He became its President in 1944.
He served as Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet. After the dissension with Nehru, Mukherjee quit the Indian National Congress. Then he founded the right-wing nationalist Bharatiya Janasangh and became its first President. Janasangh won three seats in elections of Parliament of India in 1952. One of the winning candidates was Shyama Prasad Mukherjee himself. He was also the President of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha. Mukherjee strongly opposed Article 370. He saw this Article as a threat to unity of the country. He fought against it inside and outside the parliament. In his speech he once said, “National integrity is the foundation of the golden future.” The state was granted its own flag but Dr. Mukherjee was committed to make Jammu and Kashmir complete and an integral part of India. In opposition to this, he once said, “Ek desh mein do vidhan, do pradhan aur do nishan nahi chalenge” (A single country can’t have two constitutions, two Prime Ministers and two national emblems). In the rally of Jammu in 1952 he expressed his vengeance “either I will give you one constitution or I will sacrifice my life for this objective.” Mukherjee was arrested on entering Kashmir on 11th May, 1953. He was a lone fighter for the integration of Jammu and Kashmir. After he was transferred to a cottage outside the city from Central Jail of Srinagar, he died on 23rd June 1953 under mysterious circumstances. His demise was an irreparable loss to India.