Shivaji Raje Bhonsle, also known as Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj was an Indian warrior, king and the founder of Maratha Empire in India. Shivaji was born on 19th February 1630 in Shivneri Durg. He invigorated Hindu political traditions and court conventions and promoted Sankskrit and Marathi, rather than Persian, in his court and administration. He had courage to stand against the huge power of the Mughal Empire. By making Raigad his capital he established Independent Maratha Empire.
His father’s name was Shahji Bhosle and his mother was Jijabai. He spent his childhood in guidance of his mother. Shivaji was attached to his mother, who was deeply religious. This pious environment had thumping influence on Shivaji and he carefully studied the two great Hindu epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata; which were to influence his lifelong defense of Hindu values. In his childhood he learnt politics and strategies.
Shivaji was a credulous Hindu who admired saints. He opposed the proselytism (conversions) propagated by the Mughals. There was a flame of independence in the heart of Shivaji since his childhood. He constituted a group of self-devotees. With the rise of his state, the determination to demolish the foreign rule was getting stronger. He formed a gigantic force. For the defense of his state, he constituted an army of 100000 soldiers and built domestic and coastal forts. The vogue of ‘gorrilla war’ was in trend in his regime. He captured 360 forts including Kondana (Singhgadh), Toran, Munrabdev and Purandar. He built some new forts as well.
Shivaji constituted a powerful naval force to safeguard the coastal business from Portuguese, British, and sea pirates. He was also known as the father of Indian Navy. With the motive of storage and shelter, he also formed some coastal forts. In his dedicated governance, there was the journey of making of a huge gargantuan state from a small independent state of ‘hindvi Swarajyta’.
This gallant died in1690 at the age of fifty-three. His name will always be taken in the folklore and history, and he would be remembered for his gubernation which is considered a golden era. He cleared the path for freedom of India and led the way to Indian independence.