Deen Dayal Upadhyaya

Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay was an intense nationalist, economist, sociologist, historian and journalist. He was born on 25th September 1916, in a reputed middle-class family of Chandrabhan village, now known as Deen Dayal Dham, in Mathura District. His parents died when he was too young. He was then brought up by his maternal uncle. He was a very bright student, a gold medalist and a scholarship holder. He did his intermediate from Pilani and B.A. from Kanpur and then graduated with first division. Then, he went to St. John’s College, Agra to complete his Master’s in English. He appeared for his Provincial Services Exam and got selected but he declined to join the services as he had political ambitions. While he was pursuing his B.A. in Kanpur he came into contact with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He dedicated himself to full-time work in Sangh and became a lifelong Pracharak (propagator) of the Sangh. He was regarded as an ideal Swayamsevak of the Sangh.

He was an honest volunteer of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and also became the president of the Sangh. He was against the blind support of Indian leaders who believed in virtual secularism and eastern democracy. He was a Hindu nationalist and had a deep understanding of politics. His belief was that Hinduism is not any religion or community rather it is a national culture of India. He deeply supported the idea of maintaining the Indian Culture. He believed that no nation can be developed by dissociating itself from its veritable culture.

He founded a publishing institution in Lukhnow named ‘Rashtra Dharam Publications’ and started a journal called Rashtriya Dharma, which was meant for spreading the ideology of Hindutva nationalism. His other famous literary works are ‘Samrat Chandragupta’, ‘Jagatguru Shankracharya’, ‘Akhand Bharat Kyun Hai’, ‘Rashtra Jeevan Ki Samasyaen’, ‘Rashtra Chintan’ aur ‘Rashtra Jeevan ki Disha’ etc. In his lexicon, ‘Indian’, or ‘Bharatiya’, which was a word he preferred over the former, simply meant Hindu.

He conceived the political philosophy named ‘Integral Humanism’ that advocates the simultaneous and integrated program of the body, mind, intellect and the soul of each human being. Fifty years ago, Pandit Upadhyaya said, ‘‘Do not appease Muslims, do not shun them, but purify them’’. He was convinced that India as an independent nation could not rely upon western concepts. He opposed the use of English and favoured Hindi in drafting The Constitution. He welcomed modern technology but wanted it to be adapted to suit Indian requirements. He believed in Swaraj. In unexpected circumstances on 11 February 1968, he was pushed into the jaws of sudden death and was found dead at Mughal Sarai Railway yard.