Bhagat Singh also known as Shahid Bhagat Singh, was born on 28th September, 1907, in Banga village Jaranwala Tehsil in the Lyallpur district of Punjab Province of British India. He was from the family that was politically active. His father was the follower of Swami Dayanand Saraswati. This had great influence on Bhagat Singh. His father and his uncles were freedom fighters and hence the patriotism flowed in his blood. Unlike his fellows, he did not attend Khalasa High School in Lahore, rather he went to Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, an Arya Samaji Institution. In 1923, he won an essay competition conducted by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, in which he wrote on the problems in the state of Punjab.
He was deeply pained by the victimization of the country’s religion and culture, first by Mughals and then after them by Britishers. At a very young age Bhagat Singh had started following the non-cooperation movement which was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. When Gandhi withdrew the movement after Chauri-Chaura incident, Bhagat Singh stood aloof from Gandhi’s non-violent action and joined the Young Revolutionary Movement. He then joined Hindustan Republican Association which had prominent leaders like Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaqullah khan. While he was pursuing his B.A, his father insisted him to get married on his grandmother’s insistence; he refused the proposal by saying “my bride shall be only Freedom” “(AZAADI HI MERI DULHAN HAI)”. Getting inspired by European Nationalist Movements, Nationalist Youth Organisation (Naujawan Bharat Sabha) was formed by Bhagat Singh.
He was the ring-leader of the Saunders Murder Case in 1928. He was also accused of the historical ‘Assembly Bomb Blast’ for exploding a bomb in assembly which was the most important incident of his life, however the intention was not to harm or kill the crowd, all what they wanted was to make aware, the British Government and masses. After that, he was awarded life imprisonment. He went on a hunger-strike, against the partiality in treatment of prisoners, that continued till 116 days; then on request of Singh’s father and Gandhiji, he discontinued his fast. Bhagat Singh and his fellows were tried for the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Rajguru, the leader of escaped revolutionaries, was arrested from Puna. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced with capital punishments. On 23rd March 1930, they proceeded towards the gallows felicitously chanting their favourite slogans “Long Live the Revolution”, “Inquilab Zindabaad”, “Down with the British imperialism”. And on the same ill-fated morning at 7:30 they were hanged to death. Bhagat Singh died leaving his huge influence on thousands of youths as an illustrious Indian revolutionary. The truth is that the roots of Bhagat Singh’s ideology lie in the very concept of Hindu Rashtra. The way he fought against the British Government for the freedom of our nation courageously, is still idealistic to the youth of India.