Balraj Madhok



Balraj Madhok was born on 25th February, 1920, in Skardu, Baltistan. His father Jagannath Madhok worked as an official in the government of Jammu and Kashmir in Ladakh division. Balraj Madhok studied in Srinagar and then did his graduation from Lahore.

Madhok, being a professor in PGDAV college in Srinagar, was an intense nationalist leader. He was worried about the division of the country on communal lines in colonial India and wanted to establish India as an integrated power by uniting the scattered society of India. Professor Balraj Madhok met Purohit of Hazoori Bagh Pandit Vishvabandhu in Srinagar that had a profound influence on his life. Hazoori Bagh was the centre of religious and cultural activities of Anti-Kashmiri Hindus of Srinagar.

In 1938, while doing his studies, he joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh as an activist and later on he became a prominent leader of Jansangh. Professor Madhok completed his MA in History and started his research on the subject “Contribution of Arya Samaj in the Movement for Freedom”. After Independence when Pakistan attacked Kashmir in October of 1948, Professor Madhok was the Vice-Principal of D.A.V College, Srinagar. During that time, he volunteered a special task. He started a Refugee Relief Committee and provided social and financial aid to the refugees facing decampment.

He led the ban on cow slaughter (was arguably the first person to do so), highlighted the Ram Temple cause and demanded the full integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India and hence represented the interests of Jammu Hindus. Ambedkar was impressed with Madhok’s views on Indian culture, his plan to make Sanskrit the link language of the country and give a just and fair deal to the socially downtrodden people. Madhok was a votary of ‘Hindu Rashtra’.

In 1951, he founded the student union of Sangh Parivar named Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad. He also established the Punjab and Delhi branch of Jansangh. He won Loksabha seat in 1961. Madhok came out for the presidentship of Jansangh in 1966-67. After his expulsion in 1973 by L.K Advani, for three years, Madhok was imprisoned for 18 months during the emergency. He was against the integration of Jansangh with Janta Party. In 1979 he separated Jansangh from Janta Party. He tried every possible way to promote his party, however he couldn’t succeed. Later on, Jansangh got integrated with Janta Party, in which he was involved. But after some time in 1979 he resigned. He revived Jansangh under the name Akhil Bharatiya Jansangh. Then, after such a diligent life, he died at the age of 96, on May 2, 2016, due to sickness.